These magic number squares worksheets make a nice little numeracy starter activity for students. The grids are 3×3 and one line is completed so that the magic number can easily be found.

A magic number square is a grid of numbers that is arranged in such a way that the sum of the numbers in each row, column, and diagonal is the same. The sum is called the “magic number.” Magic number squares can be created with any size grid, but the most common are 3×3 and 4×4 squares.

To create a magic number square, you start by placing the numbers in the grid in a specific order. The order depends on the size of the grid and the magic number you want to use. There are some algorithms for placing the numbers in their correct positions.

Here is an example from the magic numbers squares 3×3 worksheets together with a solution. In this magic number square, the sum of the numbers in each row, column, and diagonal is 27.

There are many ways to create magic number squares, and they can be fun and challenging puzzles to solve.

In my classroom, I use magic number squares as a numeracy task in order to improve basic addition and subtraction skills.

This resource is a high-quality PDF document. If you would like to receive multiple randomised versions of the resource then just let me know and I can send you more.

You will need to be a member to download the resources. You can become a member by clicking on the button below.

## Benefits of Using Magic Number Squares

Magic squares are mathematical puzzles in which the numbers in a grid are arranged such that the sum of the numbers in each row, column, and diagonal is the same. They can be used in classrooms as a fun and engaging activity to help students practice their arithmetic skills and improve their problem-solving abilities. Some possible benefits of using magic squares in the classroom include:

- Developing critical thinking skills: Magic squares require students to think logically and systematically in order to solve the puzzle. This can help students develop their critical thinking skills and improve their problem-solving abilities.
- Improving arithmetic skills: Magic squares involve performing arithmetic operations such as addition and subtraction. This can help students practice and improve their arithmetic skills.
- Engaging students: Magic squares can be a fun and engaging activity that helps to keep students interested and motivated in the classroom.
- Encouraging teamwork: Magic squares can be used as a group activity, which can encourage teamwork and collaboration among students.
- Promoting creativity: There are many different ways to solve a magic square, and students may need to think creatively in order to find a solution. This can promote creativity and encourage students to think outside the box.

## Variations of Magic Number Squares

There are many different variations of magic squares that can be used in the classroom to engage students and practice different math skills. Some possible variations include:

- Increasing the size of the square: Instead of using a 3×3 magic square, you could use a larger square such as a 4×4 or 5×5. This can provide a more challenging puzzle for students to solve and can also allow for more complex arithmetic operations to be practised.
- Using negative numbers: You can create magic squares that include negative numbers, which can be used to teach students about negative numbers and how to perform arithmetic operations with them.
- Creating magic squares with decimals: Instead of using whole numbers, you can create magic squares using decimals. This can help students practice working with decimals and performing arithmetic operations with them.
- Using magic squares to teach multiplication and division: You can create magic squares that involve multiplication and division, which can be used to teach students these operations.
- Creating magic squares with variables: You can create magic squares that involve variables, which can be used to teach students about algebra and how to solve equations.
- Creating magic squares with word problems: You can create magic squares that involve word problems, which can be used to teach students how to read and solve math problems.